The gladiolus is indispensable in summer and makes the apartment shine. Find out more information here.
Botanical name: gladiolus
Genus: Gladiolus (bot. Gladiolus)
Plant family: Plant family: Iris family (bot. Iridaceae)
Occurrence: Southern Europe, Middle East, Africa, Madagascar
Gladioli are indispensable, especially in summer, and should not be missing in the apartment, office or garden during this time of year. Unlike many other varieties, the slender giant can withstand temperatures and enjoys the warmest time of the year.
Gladioli belong to the family of the iridaceae (bot. Iridaceae). Its name is derived from the Latin word gladius (= sword), which is why it is also known in German as the sword flower.
Gladioli have been known since ancient times and have their origins in South Africa, where they grew wild and were much larger than today’s. The sword flower is a bulbous plant that can grow up to 150 cm high. The inflorescences are spike-like and, depending on the subspecies, sprout 5 to 25 individual flowers in almost every imaginable color. Common subspecies in Germany are the marsh and meadow victims.
Apart from these two species, gladioli are primarily known to us as an ornamental and garden plant. Almost all gladiolus species that can be found on the market are hybrids that have been created through decades of crossing and breeding.
The interplay of the massive trunk and the expressive flowers combines elegance and power and therefore gives the flower a very special charisma.
Gladioli generally represent strength of character. When giving a gift, they express admiration for personality.
Did you know?
This powerful charisma was already perceived in ancient Rome. In gladiatorial fights, swordsmen fought for “death or gladioli”. The winner not only escaped death, but was showered with gladioli. Since those days, gladioli have stood for strength and victory.
Care tips for gladiolus
So that all flowers can fully unfold, you should always clip off the top buds (the completely closed tip). This means that the flower does not have to use as much force to carry the nourishing water into the tip and can concentrate on making only the flowers bloom.
After cutting, place the gladioli in a vase of fresh water that will hold the stems together but leave enough space for them at the same time.